Skip to main content

2 Kings 9-12



It is easy to get lost in the list of Kings of Israel and Judah. Therefore, here is an updated list of the kings up to this point in our narrative, including the years that they reigned and whether they were good or evil….
Israel                                           Judah
Jeroboam (922-901, evil)            Rehoboam (922-915, evil)
Nadab (901-900, evil)                 Abijam (915-913, evil)
Baasha (900-877, evil)                Asa (913-873, good)
Elah (877-876, evil)                    Jehoshaphat (873-849, good)
Zimri (876, evil)                         Jehoram (849-842, evil)
Omri (876-869, evil)                  Ahaziah (842, evil)
Ahab (869-850, evil)                  Athaliah (842-837, evil)
Joram (849-842, evil)                 Jehoash (837-800, good)
Jehu (842-815, good & evil)      Amaziah (800-783, good & evil)
Lawrence Boadt has this helpful summary of 1 and 2 Kings….
The two Books of Kings tell the story of the period from David’s death to the fall of the southern kingdom of Judah in 586 B. C. before the Babylonians. Thus, in one sense, they can be called the history of David’s dynasty, although the picture they present is much larger. It includes the struggles between the northern kingdom and Judah, the rise and flourishing of prophecy, and a religious judgment on everything that happened during these four centuries.
After devoting the first eleven chapters of 1 Kings to the death of David and the reign of Solomon, the rest of the chapters relate the individual reigns of each king in the north and in the south by means of special formulas which begn and end the account of the king. The dates are carefully recorded and compared to the dates of the king in the other kingdom, so that we can gain a good idea of the actual history of the period from these accounts….
In between the opening and closing formulas, the editors of the Books of Kings would include one or more significant events the king had done. Besides the date of his becoming king, the year of the current king of Judah, and the length of his reign, all the kings are judged on whether they were faithful to Yahweh or not. None of the kings in the north are found pleasing to the Lord. This reflects the judgment of the authors of 1 and 2 Kings, who wrote much later from the perspective of Judah, and interpreted the separation of the northern tribes after Solomon’s death as the beginning of idolatry and rejection of Yahweh and his temple, and the cause of their eventual fall to Assyria….
In all there were twenty southern kings, including one queen-mother, Athaliah, who seized the throne illegally. All are judge by their conduct in light of David’s faithfulness….
The history in the Books of Kings reveals that Judah had a much more stable sense of nationhood. The listing of the queen-mother in each king’s dates shows the importance of naming the important families which intermarried with the royal house, and the place of honor and authority given to women at the government’s highest level. On the other hand, northern Israel had nineteen kings in just about half the amount of time. Northern prophets and tribal leaders were also much harder on the kings. A large number were assassinated, and often the prophets themselves incited war leaders to kill the king and take over. Such was the case with Jehu in the time of Elisha the prophet, and it even accounts for the original choice of Jeroboam himself, who was picked out by a prophet, Ahijah, in 1 Kings 11. Northern Israel rose and fell in just about two hundred years, and most of its life was spent fighting one enemy or another….
And for the Books of Kings, the lesson above all is that infidelity to God’s covenant given through Moses will lead to disaster and destruction. Since the last king named is Zedekiah of Judah, who lived at the time of the final fall of the kingdom and the people’s exile to Babylon in 586 B. C., the book’s viewpoint looks back from that moment of total defeat and loss to find out why God has allowed it to happen. The answer is given that from the first kings down to the very last, both kingdoms failed to uphold the covenant and its commandments….
This stress on the word of God in the Books of Kings reflects the particular outlook of its authors, who also composed the other historical works of Joshua, Judges, and Samuel.[1]


[1] Boadt, Reading the Old Testament, 294-303

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

C. S. Lewis on Homosexuality

Arthur Greeves
In light of recent developments in the United States on the issue of gay marriage, I thought it would be interesting to revisit what C. S. Lewis thought about homosexuality. Lewis, who died in 1963, never wrote about same-sex marriage, but he did write, occasionally, about the topic of homosexuality in general. In the following I am quoting from my book, Mere Theology: A Guide to the Thought of C. S. Lewis. For detailed references and footnotes, you may obtain a copy from Amazon, your local library, or by clicking on the book cover at the right....
In Surprised by Joy, Lewis claimed that homosexuality was a vice to which he was never tempted and that he found opaque to the imagination. For this reason he refused to say anything too strongly against the pederasty that he encountered at Malvern College, where he attended school from the age of fifteen to sixteen. Lewis did not rate pederasty as the greatest evil of the school because he felt the cruelty displayed at Malver…

A Prayer at Ground Zero

Christmas Day Thought from Henri Nouwen

"I keep thinking about the Christmas scene that Anthony arranged under the altar. This probably is the most meaningful "crib" I have ever seen. Three small woodcarved figures made in India: a poor woman, a poor man, and a small child between them. The carving is simple, nearly primitive. No eyes, no ears, no mouths, just the contours of the faces. The figures are smaller than a human hand - nearly too small to attract attention at all.
"But then - a beam of light shines on the three figures and projects large shadows on the wall of the sanctuary. That says it all. The light thrown on the smallness of Mary, Joseph, and the Child projects them as large, hopeful shadows against the walls of our life and our world.
"While looking at the intimate scene we already see the first outlines of the majesty and glory they represent. While witnessing the most human of human events, I see the majesty of God appearing on the horizon of my existence. While being moved by the ge…

Sheldon Vanauken Remembered

A good crowd gathered at the White Hart Cafe in Lynchburg, Virginia on Saturday, February 7 for a powerpoint presentation I gave on the life and work of Sheldon Vanauken. Van, as he was known to family and friends, was best known as the author of A Severe Mercy, the autobiography of his love relationship with his wife Jean "Davy" Palmer Davis.

While living in Oxford, England in the early 1950's, Van and Davy came to faith in Christ through the influence of C. S. Lewis. Van was a professor of history and English literature at Lynchburg College from 1948 until his retirement around 1980. A Severe Mercy tells the story of Davy's death from a mysterious liver ailment in 1955 and Van's subsequent dealing with grief. Van himself died from cancer in 1996.

It was my privilege to know Van for a brief period of time during the last year of his life. However, present at the White Hart on February 7 were some who knew Van far better than I did--Floyd Newman, one of Van's…

Mentoring

The first of four posts by yours truly is now up on the Next Leadership Blog. Check it out by clicking here: Mentoring.

C. S. Lewis Tour--London

The final two days of our C. S. Lewis Tour of Ireland & England were spent in London. Upon our arrival we enjoyed a panoramic tour of the city that included Westminster Abbey. A number of our tour participants chose to tour the inside of the Abbey where they were able to view the new C. S. Lewis plaque in Poets' Corner.


Though London was not one of Lewis' favorite places to visit, there are a number of locations associated with him. One which I have noted in my new book, In the Footsteps of C. S. Lewis, is Endsleigh Palace Hospital (25 Gordon Street, London) where Lewis recovered from his wounds received during the First World War....


Not too far away from this location is King's College, part of the University of London, located on the Strand, just off the River Thames. This is the location where Lewis gave the annual commemoration oration entitled The Inner Ring on 14 December 1944....


C. S. Lewis occasionally attended theatrical events in London. One of his favorites w…

Fact, Faith, Feeling

"Now Faith, in the sense in which I am here using the word, is the art of holding on to things your reason has once accepted, in spite of your changing moods. For moods will change, whatever view your reason takes. I know that by experience. Now that I am a Christian I do have moods in which the whole thing looks very improbable: but when I was an atheist I had moods in which Christianity looked terribly probable. This rebellion of your moods against your real self is going to come anyway. That is why Faith is such a necessary virtue: unless you teach your moods 'where to get off', you can never be either a sound Christian or even a sound atheist, but just a creature dithering to and fro, with its beliefs really dependent on the weather and the state of its digestion. Consequently one must train the habit of Faith." Mere Christianity


Many years ago, when I was a young Christian, I remember seeing the graphic illustration above of what C. S. Lewis has, here, so eloquen…

A Christmas Psalm

Psalm 110
The Lord says to my Lord:
"Sit at my right hand
until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet."

The Lord will extend your mighty scepter from Zion;
you will rule in the midst of your enemies.
Your troops will be willing on your day of battle.
Arrayed in holy majesty,
from the womb of the dawn
you will receive the dew of your youth.

The Lord has sworn
and will not change his mind:
"You are a priest forever,
in the order of Melchizedek."

The Lord is at your right hand;
he will crush kings on the day of his wrath.
He will judge the nations, heaping up the dead
and crushing the rulers of the whole earth.
He will drink from a brook beside the way;
therefore he will lift up his head.

C. S. Lewis, Reflections on the Psalms,
Chapter XII, paragraphs 4 & 5:

"We find in our Prayer Books that Psalm 110 is one of those appointed for Christmas Day. We may at first be surprised by this. There is nothing in it about peace and good-will, nothing remotely sugg…

C. S. Lewis's Parish Church

The first time I visited Oxford, in 1982, the porter at Magdalen College didn't even recognize the name--C. S. Lewis. I had asked him if he could give me directions to Lewis's former home in Headington Quarry. Obviously, he could not and did not. (Directions to Lewis's former home are now much easier to obtain. Just click here for directions and to arrange a tour: The Kilns.)
Things have changed a lot since 1982. Now Lewis is remembered all around Oxford. At the pub where the Inklings met, at Magdalen College, and not least--at his parish church--Holy Trinity Headington Quarry. The first time I visited the church I only saw the outside and Lewis's grave, shared with his brother Warnie.
Since that first visit I have returned to Holy Trinity a number of times and worshiped there. Father Tom Honey is a real gem. Under his leadership the congregation has grown and now includes a number of young families. I was overwhelmed by the number of children who came into the sanctuary…

C. S. Lewis on Church Attendance

A friend's blog written yesterday (http://wesroberts.typepad.com/) got me thinking about C. S. Lewis's experience of the church. I wrote this in a comment on Wes Robert's blog:
It is interesting to note that C. S. Lewis attended the same small church for over thirty years. The experience was nothing spectacular on a weekly basis. For most of those years Lewis didn't care much for the sermons; he even sat behind a pillar so that the priest would not see the expression on his face. He attended the service without music because he so disliked hymns. And he left right after holy communion was served probably because he didn't like to engage in small talk with other parishioners after the service. But that life-long obedience in the same direction shaped Lewis in a way that nothing else could.
Lewis was once asked, "Is attendance at a place of worship or membership with a Christian community necessary to a Christian way of life?"
His answer was as follows: &q…